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Aprende a usar variables en Python

Aquí os dejo un código mío de ejemplo para empezar a aprender a usar variables de tipo básico en Python.

Es recomendable copiar el código y ejecutarlo en un intérprete de Python y, a continuación, realizar los cambios que consideremos oportunos para comprender el funcionamiento.

# This is a comment

'''
   This is a comment
   on multiple lines
'''

#  VARIABLES
#
#  A variable is a symbol that represents a quantity that may vary.
#
#  $identifier = value;

age = 25        # The value 25 is assigned to variable age



#  BASIC DATA TYPES
age = 25                                  # Integer
temperature = -3.82                       # Real number
name = 'Nacho López'                      # String
has_car = True                            # Boolean (only two values: True or False)



#  ARITHMETIC OPERATIONS WITH NUMBERS
x = 5
y = 2

z = x + y         # Addition.                                     Result: 7.
z = x - y         # Subtraction.                                  Result: 3.
z = x * y         # Multiplication.                               Result: 10.
z = x / y         # Division.                                     Result: 2.5.
z = x % y         # Modulo (remainder of the integer division).   Result: 1.

z = z + 1         # Increase the value of z by 1.                 Result: 2.
z = z - 1         # Decrease the value of z by 1.                 Result: 1.

z = 50 - x * 6 / -0.5          #
z = (50 - x) * 6 / -0.5        # The order of operations is as in mathematics
z = (50 - x * 6) / -0.5        #

z = 2 * z + 3                  # Remember: the symbol = assigns a value to the variable



#  BASIC OPERATIONS WITH STRINGS
a = 'GNU/'
b = 'Linux'
c = a + b                # Concatenation                          Result: 'GNU/Linux'.
c = a * 3                # Repetition                             Result: 'GNU/GNU/GNU/'.



#  PRINT VARIABLES ON SCREEN

print('Hello, world!')                   # Prints on screen: Hello, world!
print(x)                                 # Prints the variable x

# You can print on screen strings and variables
print('I have bought', x, 'oranges and', y, 'lemons.')



#  DATA TYPE CONVERSION

height = '95.4'
print(type(height))                          # Prints the current data type
height = float(height)                       # Convert a string to a real number
print(type(height))

altitude = -544.432
print(type(altitude))
altitude = str(altitude)                     # Convert a real number to string
print(type(altitude))

Puedes también obtenerlo pulsando aquí.

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